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by The Democratic Republic of Stratonesia. . 18 reads.

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OFFICIAL DOCUMENT
Havirean language


Havirean
ikcola hawir

Pronunciation

[ˈikt͡ʃolɑ ˈhɑʋir]

Native to

Stratonesia

Region

Hawirai Prefecture
Hookrime Prefecture
North & South Oraindaa Prefecture

Native to

Havireans
Wittharians
Xiknaru
Nokarminese
Ugchalians

Language family

North Crescentian
Prasonstian
Low Prasonstian
Hakkior-Obolo
Icchula-Hiksana
Havirean

Early forms

Old Havirean
Middle Havirean
Pre-Modern Havirean

Standard forms

Standard Havirean (Red Havirean)

Dialects

Standard Havirean (Red Havirean)
Black Havirean
Bronze Havirean
Lunar Havirean
Raven Havirean

Official status

Recognised minority
language in

Hawirai Prefecture
Hookrime Prefecture

Regulated by

National Institute of
Ethnic Cultures and
Languages

Havirean (LM: /hɑˈviːriːən/; Havirean: ikcola hawir, [ˈikt͡ʃolɑ ˈhɑʋir]) is a language spoken primarily in the Northern region of Stratonesia. It is the mother tongue of the Havirean people, and also the lingua franca of the Wittharian people, Nokarminese people, Xiknaru people and Ugchalian people. It is a pluricentric language. Besides the language's literary form, known as Classical Havirean, there are 5 different varieties spoken by the respective peoples, the former four of which are mutually intelligible: High Havirean (which is the standard variety of the language, also known as Red Havirean), Black Havirean (also known as Wittharo-Havirean), Bronze Havirean, Lunar Havirean and Raven Havirean.

Havirean itself is a 3000-year old language; during its initial stage, it had no writing system of any sort, and literature at that time were limited to oral lore, traditional love songs and whatnot. It took 2500 years for it to be written in manuscripts, books, etc., and another 100 to have a complete writing system. Nonetheless, for most of its lifetime, the language enjoyed a status of the prestige language used in Havirean literature and feudal courts. The Golden Beak Epic and Tales of the Wielder of Thunder which were written in Classical Havirean are considered to be some of the greatest and finest works in Stratonesian literature.

Today, Havirean is one of over 100 recognised minority languages in Stratonesia. The standard form used in education, instruction and media is High Havirean, which is Classical Havirean mixed with vernacular Red Havirean elements.

Some notable speakers of Havirean include Former Governor of Hookrime Prefecture Keltay Yochkori Unkarahsun (Keltai Jockori Ynkaraasun), singer Jeriu Kiranoe Huesootenie (Cjer Kiranoo Hsuutni) and Minister of Defence Ragark Chang Bulahri (Raghkka Cangy Bulaary). No wonder Uncle Ragark tends to add "na" or "ka" at the end of every sentence.

And by the way, Havirean is NOT the official language of Stratonesia; it is a recognised minority language ONLY.


Phonology
Consonants

  • Havirean has no voiced plosives it only has voiceless plosives /p/, /t/ and /k/.
    /d/ does exist, but as an allophone of //. Speakers of non-standard dialects often pronounce the letter "d" as /d/, though.

  • Havirean has two aspirated voiceless plosives: // and //. There is no // due to the consonant itself having mutated into /x/, though // still exists as an allophone of /k/.

  • Consonants can be palatalised. This is represented in orthography, by adding "j" in front of a consonant or digraph, e.g. "bj", "cj", "ćj", "chj"/"ghj", "dj", "đj", "gj", "hj", "kj", "lj", "mj", "nj", "ngj", "pj", "rj", "sj", "tj", "wj", and "zj".
    Some palatalised consonants can have allophones /ɲ/ is an allophone of //, /c/ is an allophone of //, /ɟ/ is an allophone of //, and // is an allophone of //.

  • "ch" and "gh" both represent /x/. Historically, "ch" and "gh" represented different, separate consonants, but they are now pronounced the same due to sound change.

  • Consonant clusters are forbidden, with the exception of clusters with the /-r-/ medial, e.g. /pr/, /tr/, /kr/, and seldom /r/.

Vowels

  • /y/ is an allophone of // and /ɯj/. This is a colloquial pronunciation, not educated pronunciation.

  • Vowels have two lengths: short and long. Long vowels are represented by double vowels in writing, e.g. icin ("still") vs. iciin ("bridge").
    Vowel length is phonemic meaning that short and long vowels are separate phonemes.

  • The diphthongs are /ɑj/, /j/, /ej/, /ɔj/, /ɤj/, /uj/, /ɯj/, /ɒw/ (or /ɒu̯/), and /ow/ (or /ou̯/).
    /ow/ (or /ou̯/) is represented by the letter "".

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